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central african republic problems

central african republic problems

Trade in and out of the CAR is restricted by limited infrastructure, and the landlocked position of the country (BTI 2016). Cameroonian truck drivers report regularly to being asked for bribes at the border, and on the route (Bloomberg, Feb 2016). Baya the most dominant ethnic group makes up about 33% of the total population followed by Banda with 27%. The New Yorker: “Elephant Watch”, 11 May 2015. The ongoing insecurity hinders freedom of assembly and significantly impairs nongovernmental organizations or unions from operating effectively (FitW 2015). Clientelism, racketeering, and bribery have especially high risks for companies operating in the logging sector (Global Witness, Jul. 2014). With livestock and land destroyed, the agricultural economy, and the livelihood of 75 percent of the population has come to a halt (FitW 2015). Furthermore, the chiefs that make up the rebel group Séléka sentence individuals in regions under their control without the legal mandate to do so (HRR 2015). Today, the institution continues to suffer from executive influence, as high-ranking officials disrespect court orders (FitW 2015). The number of cases of sleeping sickness is increasing. Cordaid strengthens the health system by mainly using a results-based financing approach. The 2016 constitution established a About 40% of the total population of Central African Republic lives in urban areas in major cities and towns such Bangui the capital ( and biggest city). Today, SEFCA employs as its legal representative, Nicolas Tiangaye, Prime Minister under Séléka President Michel Djotodia, and also a potential candidate in the next presidential elections (Global Witness, Jul. Corruption in the police force is a high risk for businesses operating in the Central African Republic. Central African Republic is a landlocked country located at the central part of Africa (almost the precise center of Africa). The Risk & Compliance Portal (formerly The Business Anti-Corruption Portal), is a free resource produced by GAN Integrity, a provider of all-in-one compliance software to help companies of all sizes manage regulatory and legal compliance. The police do not have authority over all parts of the country (BTI 2016). The Central African Republic is a GPE partner country But the Central African Republic is one of 59 developing country partners of the Global Partnership for Education. Although Central African Republic is a small country by population size, Central African Republic remains one of the most culturally rich countries in all of Africa with a beautiful blend of several cultures, ethnic and racial groups. Bribery by local companies of foreign officials and bribery by foreigners of local officials are rarely punished (ICS 2012). Corruption when acquiring public services is a comparatively low risk, as the state fails to deliver basic public services. Traditional believers make about 35% of the total population. In 2017, over 18,000 Central Africans fled to Chad, making it the biggest influx of Central African refugees to Chad since 2014. Most recently, Central African Republic has witnessed several religious clashes especially between Christians and Muslims in the country. 2015). In May 2016, Crisis Group warned against over-optimism after regular elections were held in the Central African Republic (CAR). CAR has ratified the United Nations Convention Against Corruption, but efforts to curtail corruption are minimal. Crisis Group: The Central African Crisis: From Predation to Stabilization, 17 June 2014. In 2014, transitional leader Samba-Panza was implicated in a corruption scandal involving the embezzlement of more than CFA one billion (USD 2 million) of the funds provided by Angola for the transitional government, but the audit commission looking into the issue was abandoned (HRR 2014). Pre-coup corruption was already a problem, but the ongoing insecurity has further exacerbated corruption, which in turn perpetuates the fragility of the state. Malaria, leprosy, tuberculosis, nutritional diseases, HIV/AIDS, and sexually transmitted diseases are major health concerns in the country. The CAR Penal Code (in French) criminalizes passive and active bribery, undue benefits, embezzlement, abuse of office, favoritism and the offer, promise, or solicitation of gifts. There is no data available on corruption in the tax administration; however, in light of the conflict, the tax administration is often unable to fulfill its function, and armed groups frequently tax traders in an arbitrary manner (BTI 2016). In return, the officials protect or defend companies at ministerial meetings (Global Witness, Jul. Just like in most other African countries, most of the leaders and political figures in Central African Republic today are very corrupt and inexperienced. Despite a peace and reconciliation agreement signed in February 2019, there are still about 600,000 internally displaced people in the Central African Republic due to armed conflict and insecurity. By increasing food security and growing the agricultural sector of its economy, the government of the Central African Republic can … Central African Republic has a total land area of about 622,984sq.km (about 2.9% of which is arable or land good for farming) and a population of about 5.2 million people with the population growth rate around 2.1%. The female literacy rate is even worse. However, despite what the outside world may think, children in the Central African Republic are more likely to die from hunger than from a … The government has no control over territory in the South West of the country, and armed groups engage in illegal logging activities (Global Witness, Jul. 2015). ET) and continue Wednesday night on NBC … If the amount is inferior to CFA 100.000, punishment ranges from two to ten years’ imprisonment. Registering property takes investors on average 75 days (DB 2016). 2015). Finally, those who are caught for attempted smuggling are rarely get prosecuted (Crisis Group, Jun. Corruption is a very high risk for companies operating in the Central African Republic (CAR). The Central African Republic (CAR) is one such state, having wavered in and out of conflict since its independence from France in 1960. In 2010, the National Committee to Fight Corruption provided a strategic document concerning the fight against corruption, but active efforts have been extremely limited (HRR 2014). Malaria infects a large portion of the... HIV/AIDS: The CAR has one of the highest rates of HIV in Central and Western Africa. Sustainable agriculture in the CAR will help make that journey shorter. Central African Republic remains one of the HIV/AIDS killing zones in Africa with an HIV/AIDS Adult prevalence rate of 4.7%. Muslims make up just about 15% of the total population. In the absence of government control, public funds are frequently misappropriated; the special forest tax fund CAS-DF is known to be used by ministers to cover their travels abroad (Global Witness, Jul. Over the past two years, the United States has provided over $300 million of humanitarian, development, and security assistance in support of the C.A.R. While problems persist, the education sector has had much to gain from the introduction of decentralisation policies. The Central African Republic, a transition country with a very long period of institutional and political instability, now faces an infrastructure deficit, youth unemployment, high social inequalities, and weak human capacities. Despite reports of irregularities, international observers reported the February 2016 presidential and legislative elections were free and fair. 2015). The Central African Republic has a long journey on the road to recovery. However, despite the abundance of natural resources, Central African Republic remains one of the poorest countries in the world today and among the 10 poorest countries in Africa. The Mandjias (an ethnic group) make up about 13% of the total population followed by the Saras with 10%. The Human Development Index ranked it 188 of 189 countries (52 in Africa) in 2018. With the lack of official service administration, the illegal economy prospers, and smuggling is widespread (Crisis Group, Jun. Additionally, reports of abuse of function by peacekeepers are widespread, and often involve extortion in exchange for food or basic services (Washington Post, Feb 2016). Companies are strongly recommended to use a specialized due diligence tool on public procurement in order to mitigate corruption risks associated with public procurement in the Central African Republic. However, the crisis in CAR has already lasted for a number of years and more than 18 months after the elections, fundamental proble… Low productivity, weak markets and high gender inequality are all contributing factors, made worse by recurrent cycles of political crisis … Although this literacy rate isn't the worst in Africa, this literacy rate falls far below expectation in Africa today. Other ethnic groups include the Mboum (7% of the total population), M'Baka (4% of the total population), Yakoma (4% of the total population), the rest (2% of the total population). 2015). Reportedly, Séléka groups set up informal roadblocks between the Cameroonian border and Bangui, extorting CFA 20,000 (EUR 30) from bypassing trucks (Global Witness, Jul. It is rich in diamonds, gold, oil and uranium but … Central African Republic borders the Republic of Chad to the north, Sudan to the northeast, the Republic of South Sudan to the east, the Republic of Cameroon to the west and the Democratic Republic of Congo to the south. The Central African Government is currently in the process of … Ever since gaining its independence from France in 1960, the Central African Republic has been plagued with political instability, underdevelopment, and waves of violent conflict. The number of displaced people within the Central African Republic is much lower than at the peak of the violence in December and January, but the situation has become so … Political conflicts especially between the Government of the Central African Republic and the Séléka (which means "Union" in the Sango language), a coalition of rebel groups, many of whom were previously involved in the Central African Republic Bush War. Voters elected Faustin-Archange Touadera president in a February 2016 run-off. Almost 3 million people residing in the C.A.R. Do not travel to the Central African Republic due to COVID-19, Embassy Bangui’s limited capacity to provide support to U.S. citizens, crime, civil unrest, kidnapping, and elections. Especially during the civil war, wild animals were poached, sometimes in collusion with state officials (BTI 2016). However, the sectarian nature of the current conflict is relatively new. The Central African Republic is not a party to the OECD Convention on Combating Bribery but has ratified the United Nations Convention against Corruption. On occasion, companies have gone into business with those in power. There is no data available on corruption in CAR’s public procurement; however, companies should note that pre-coup corruption was widespread, and the conflict is likely to have exacerbated the situation (ICS 2012). Read the Department of State’s COVID-19 page before you plan any international travel. We provide medical care, water and sanitation services, and protection for vulnerable women and girls. The CAR’s population is primarily split between into two regions : most of the country’s minority Muslim population inhabits the Sahel, while the majority Christian community is located mainly in the savanna. United Nations Convention Against Corruption, specialized due diligence tool on public procurement, United Nations Convention against Corruption, Transformation Index – Central African Republic 2016, Mandated to Protect, Equipped to Succeed? Despite support from the local police and from various international bodies, companies should note that law enforcement is weak (Amnesty International, Feb. 2016). Central African Republic remains one of the very few countries in Africa today where traditional African belief system (or voodoo) reigns supreme. Companies routinely receive officials on weekends and give them drinks and bribes of around CFA 100,000 to 130,00 (EUR 150-200), in order to ensure relevant documents are signed, and official papers are up-to-date (Global Witness, Jul. More than half of the country's 4.9 million population rely on humanitarian assistance. The aftermath saw widespread violence as armed … The country gets 80 percent of its imports via a corridor linking the Cameroonian port, Douala to the capital, Bangui (Bloomberg, Feb. 2016). 2014). With the transitional government, the situation for media improved significantly, but outlets and journalists still find themselves caught between warring parties, and resort to self-censorship to avoid retaliation (FoP 2015). Private businesses and civilians’ homes are regularly plundered and destroyed by militants on both sides of the conflict. DAHA, Chad, 27 March 2009 – Since mid-February, over 7,500 refugees from the Central African Republic have arrived in Daha, after being displaced by violence. Corruption in the natural resource sector is a very high risk for companies operating in the CAR. Violence has increased throughout the Central African Republic, particularly between Seleka factions in the central regions and between rebels and anti-balaka militias in … During the 2013 crisis, private companies suffered from insecurity and fell victim to looting, kidnapping, and damages to installations and offices (Crisis Group, … 2015). Farmers grow cotton, coffee, and tobacco for export and crops for local markets, but economic development is handicapped by the CAR's landlocked position, limited infrastructure , and the low education of its work-force . Under the Bozizé government (2003-2013), civil society was excluded from most political, societal, and economic processes. Smuggling is very common, especially between Cameroon and Sudan (Crisis Group, Jun. Bangui contains about 850,000 people. 2014). 2015). Impunity is a problem in the conflict-torn country, undermining attempts to curb corruption (HRW 2016). 61% of Central African refugees in the DRC are children. There is a very high risk of corruption in the judicial system. Before the coup, corruption and political influence were pervasive in the judiciary (FitW 2015). 2015). Diamonds make up around 50 percent of the country’s export earnings, but largely circumvents official channels (FitW 2015). Of note, 370,000 of these children … The widespread conflict within the country and the succession of several rebel movements has meant that the state does not have a monopoly on the use of force, and local security forces. The Central African Republic conflict is an ongoing civil war in the Central African Republic (CAR) involving the government, rebels from the Séléka coalition, and anti-balaka militias. Cordaid in Central African Republic Health care. More than 130000 were living with HIV/AIDS in 2012 with about 11,000 deaths recorded within the same year. The country's remote location has impeded its development and the government's efforts to exert its authority, a trend that will continue to hold the Central African Republic back. Poaching, deforestation, overgrazing, etc. 2014). For civilians, this is filled by humanitarian aid agencies, or not at all (BTI 2016). For indeed many felt that the clear victory of Faustin-Archange Touadéra in the second round of the presidential election, in February 2016, marked a decisive step out of crisis. The NBC reports on the Central African Republic crisis begin Wednesday morning on the Today show (which starts airing at 7 a.m. More than 80 per cent of the displaced persons are women and children. After a government coup in 2013, political instability and widespread violence significantly undermined the rule of law. 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