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shankill road bombing

shankill road bombing

The bombing took place in the heart of the loyalist Shankill Road . Cardinal Cahal Daly believed Gerry Adams had been “horrified’ by the Shankill bombing that killed 10 people. In July 2000, he was released under the terms of the Belfast Agreement. Six of the attacks left 12 people dead and around 45 people injured. [9] Upon his release from hospital, however, he was arrested and convicted of nine counts of murder, each with a corresponding life sentence. [2] [1] McDonald and Cusack state that Adair and his men had stopped using the room for important meetings, allegedly because a sympathiser within the Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) told Adair that the police had it bugged. The Shankill Road bombing was carried out by the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) on 23 October 1993 and is one of the most notorious incidents of the Troubles in Northern Ireland. At 12.25 pm on 11 December 1971, when the Shankill Road was packed with Saturday shoppers, a green car pulled up outside the Balmoral Furniture Company at the corner of Carlow Street and Shankill Road. [2], The IRA's Belfast Brigade launched an operation to assassinate the UDA's top commanders, whom it believed were at the meeting. "The Shankill Road bombing, we all know inflicted awful hurt upon the people who were killed and those people who were injured. The IRA aimed to assassinate the leadership of the loyalist Ulster Defence Association (UDA), supposedly attending a meeting above Frizzell's fish shop on the Shankill Road, Belfast. It passes through the New Lodge, Newington and Glengormley areas of Northern Ireland amongst others. The shankill graveyard is well over a 1000 years old and has a lot of historical value. [8] Two days after the bombing, as Adair was driving away from his house, he stopped and told a police officer "I'm away to plan a mass murder". The IRA intended to assassinate loyalist paramilitary leaders, who were to be meeting in a room above Frizzell's fish shop on Shankill Road, Belfast. [12] Whilst Kelly waited at the door, Begley made his way through the customers towards the counter, where the bomb detonated prematurely. Eight civilians (six Catholics and two Protestants) were killed and 13 were wounded. The Shankill Road bombing was carried out by the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) on 23 October 1993 and is one of the most notorious incidents of the Troubles in Northern Ireland. [1] Later, in a secretly-recorded conversation with police, Adair confirmed that he had been in the building that morning. The Shankill bombing happened at Frizzell's fish shop on 23 October 1993. Dressed as deliverymen, they entered the shop with the five-pound bomb in a holdall. Find the perfect shankill road bombing stock photo. [18] [19] Begley was given a well-attended republican funeral in west Belfast. Shankill Road bombing 22:43, 27 OCT 2018. Ten people were killed: one of the IRA bombers, a UDA member and eight Protestant civilians, two of whom were children. It occurred on 23 October 1993 in Belfast. The UDA's Shankill headquarters was above Frizzell's fish shop on the Shankill Road. Dressed as deliverymen, they entered the shop with the five-pound bomb in a holdall. The shankill graveyard is well over a 1000 years old and has a lot of historical value. [16], In the week following the bombing, the UDA and UVF launched a wave of "revenge attacks", killing 14 civilians. [8] At the scene during the rescue operation were several senior loyalists, including Adair and Billy McQuiston. Another bomber, Thomas Begley, was also killed in the blast. [8] Adair believed that the bomb was meant for him. During the early 1990s, loyalist paramilitaries drastically increased their attacks on the Irish Catholic and Irish nationalist community and – for the first time since the beginning of the Troubles – were responsible for more deaths than republicans. The Springfield Road is a residential area and road traffic thoroughfare adjacent to the Falls Road in west Belfast. The name Protestant Action Force (PAF) was used by loyalists, especially members of the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF), to claim responsibility for a number of paramilitary attacks during the Troubles. [1] [2] The UDA's Inner Council and West Belfast brigade regularly met there on Saturdays. His death so near to the ceasefire was a mockery of republican principles. The Shankill Road bombing or Shankill bomb was one of the most notorious incidents of the Troubles in Northern Ireland. [4] Later, in a secretly-recorded conversation with police, Adair confirmed that he had been in the building that morning. perps= Provisional Irish Republican Army The Shankill Road bombing in Belfast, sometimes referred to as the Shankill bomb, was one of the most notorious incidents of the Troubles in Northern Ireland. [4] As they believed the meeting was being held in the room above the shop, the bomb was designed to send the blast upwards. [4] They say that the IRA decided to strike when one of their scouts spotted Adair entering the building on the morning of Saturday 23 October 1993. The IRA did not know that the meeting had been rescheduled. Another bomber, Thomas Begley, was also killed in the blast. The Bombing. [15], At Begley's wake, a British soldier fired upon a group of mourners standing outside Begley's home. [1], Unknown to the IRA, if a UDA meeting had taken place, it had ended early [9] [2] and those attending it had left the building before the bomb exploded. It resulted in a wave of revenge attacks by loyalists, who killed 14 civilians in the week that followed, almost all of them Catholics. Kelly was convicted of the IRA’s 1993 bombing of a Shankill Road fish shop which killed nine people, including two children. Relatives of those killed in the Shankill Road bombing adopted different positions during the 20th anniversary commemorative events in 2013. The deadliest attack took place in Greysteel, where UDA members opened fire in a pub frequented by Catholics, killing eight civilians and wounding 13. The Troubles in Ardoyne lists incidents during the Troubles in the Ardoyne district of Belfast, Northern Ireland. Families of those killed in an attack on a fish shop in Shankill Road, Belfast, gathered at a church today for a service to remember the victims 25 years after the IRA bombing. It was formed in September 1971 as an umbrella group for various loyalist groups and undertook an armed campaign of almost twenty four years as one of the participants of the Troubles. The upper floor came down upon those inside the shop, crushing many of the survivors under the rubble, where they remained until rescued some hours later by volunteers and emergency services. They explain that it would have severely damaged his credibility within the republican movement and made it difficult for him to secure an IRA ceasefire. Billy McQuiston told journalist Peter Taylor that "anybody on the Shankill Road that day, from a Boy Scout to a granny, if you'd given them a gun they would have gone out and retaliated". Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. A bomb exploded without warning outside a furniture showroom on the Shankill Road in a predominantly unionist area, killing four civilians, two of them babies. The Shankill Road bombing was an act carried out by the Provisional ira on 23 October 1993 [8] According to Henry McDonald and Jim Cusack, the IRA had the building under surveillance for some time. The soldier fired twenty shots from a passing Land Rover. Twenty years on from the Shankill Road bomb in Belfast, the local community looks back on how it impacted upon the area. [5], The IRA's Belfast Brigade launched an operation to assassinate the UDA's top commanders, whom it believed were at the meeting. The targeted office was empty at the time of the bombing, but the IRA had allegedly realised that the tightly-packed area below would inevitably cause "collateral damage" of civilian casualties and continued regardless. In July 2000, he was released under the terms of the Belfast Agreement. Most of these actions took place during the conflict known as "the Troubles" in Northern Ireland. The loyalist Shankill Road had been the location of other bomb and gun attacks, including the Balmoral Furniture Company bombing in 1971 and Bayardo Bar attack in 1975; but the 1993 bombing had the highest casualties and resulted in a wave of revenge attacks by loyalists. [5]. IRA members maintained that they would have warned the customers as the bomb was primed. Nine civilians, including two children, were murdered in the attack on a fish shop in Belfast’s loyalist heartland 23 years ago which became The Shankill Road itself was an ancient track, the main link from County Down to Antrim, known then as the Antrim Road , in 1831 is when the Shankill Road offically got its name. Organisers said it … It was first used in this context in 1974, and has since been used to claim the killings of at least 41 Catholic civilians. [6][7], The operation would be carried out by Thomas Begley and Seán Kelly, two relatively young IRA members from Ardoyne. Kelly was convicted of the IRA’s 1993 bombing of a Shankill Road fish shop which killed nine people, including two children. Shankill Road bombing. [25]. He also ran a criminal large-scale protection racket from the West Belfast Shankill Road area, where he resided. [1] [2] Two IRA members disguised as deliverymen entered the shop carrying a bomb, which detonated prematurely. Monday's procession stopped at the sites of five different bombings during the Troubles. [12] [22] David McKittrick and Eamonn Mallie wrote that if Adams had shunned the funeral it would have been "the end of him as a republican leader". James Pratt Craig was an Ulster loyalist paramilitary during The Troubles in Northern Ireland in the latter half of the 20th Century, who was a member of the Ulster Defence Association (UDA), and was a command member of its Inner Council. [8] Adair denied the claims. The Shankill bombing happened at Frizzell's fish shop on 23 October 1993. Much of it has been related to the Drumcree parade dispute. [8] The UVF killed three Catholic men and a 15-year-old boy, with shootings around Belfast later in the year. The Shankill Road bombing was carried out by the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) on 23 October 1993 and is one of the most notorious incidents of the Troubles in Northern Ireland. [15][16] Begley was given a well-attended republican funeral in west Belfast. They believe the goal was to cause mass civilian casualties, weakening those in the IRA who opposed a ceasefire and who wanted to continue the armed campaign. Many Protestants saw the bombing as an indiscriminate attack on them. He was convicted of the IRA bombing of Frizzell’s fish shop on the Shankill Road in Belfast in 1993, which killed nine people, including two children. [9] It had an eleven-second fuse, and the IRA explained that this would have allowed just enough time to clear the downstairs shop but not enough for those upstairs to escape. The IRA aimed to assassinate the leadership of the loyalist Ulster Defence Association (UDA), supposedly attending a meeting above Frizzell's fish shop on the Shankill Road , Belfast . Type: Memorial Garden. They explain that it would have severely damaged his credibility within the republican movement and made it difficult for him to secure an IRA ceasefire. The court heard that the soldiers had been shown a photograph of Copeland before being sent on patrol. The shop was in an Irish nationalist area and all of the dead were local Catholic civilians. [12] The force of the blast caused the old building to collapse into a pile of rubble. [3] More than fifty people were wounded. Since 2003, he, his family and a number of supporters have been forced to leave Northern Ireland by the mainstream UDA. About 57 people were injured. [10][19] David McKittrick and Eamonn Mallie wrote that if Adams had shunned the funeral it would have been "the end of him as a republican leader". However, he was criticised for being a pall-bearer at Begley's funeral. Members of the Ulster Defence Association (UDA), a loyalist paramilitary group, opened fire on civilians in a crowded pub during a Halloween party, killing eight and wounding nineteen. The ex-IRA man reported to have been a security force double-agent who tipped off his handlers about the October 1993 Shankill Road bombing is suspected by a … Aside from controlling rackets and extorting protection money from a variety of businesses, it was claimed that Craig also participated in paramilitary murders. The immediate aftermath of the bomb-blast at Frizzell’s fish shop, Shankill Road, West Belfast, 1993. , including Adair and Billy McQuiston people, including two children with this view on 25 March in. On west Belfast of loyalist paramilitary group in Northern Ireland County Armagh, Ireland. Counter when it exploded prematurely Action Force ( UVF ), a UDA said! 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